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History of a Corner Shop

Where Was Kelly’s Corner?

History of a corner shop looks at the corner of Linden Road and Salters Road in Gosforth which became known locally as Kelly’s Corner. In 1922 A E Kelly began to trade as a tobacconist from the shop at 149, Salters Road. By 1925 Mr Kelly had moved next door to 147, Salters Road. Kelly’s newsagents went on to trade from this area for over 30 years. Gradually this area once known as the Shoulder of Mutton after the pub that used to stand on the site of  Dickinson Crescent gained a new identity, Kelly’s Corner.

The Shoulder of Mutton Inn

In the early 1800s, the Shoulder of Mutton beer shop was situated at the bottom of Salters Road near the Turnpike Gate. When Fawdon colliery opened – “Thomas Burdon built a larger “Shoulder of Mutton” higher up Salters Road.” (Richard Welford).  The name of the Inn – Shoulder of Mutton may have suggested that the original owner was also a butcher.

The demolition of the fag end” cottages that stood on the site of 145-149 Salters Road and the Shoulder of Mutton Inn opposite cleared the way for new development in this corner of Gosforth.

Ian Critchley Mayfield Road

In 1903 plans were submitted to GUDC for proposed residences on Linden Road. Proposals were for nine terraced houses on Linden Road, with two shops fronting onto Salters Road. The architects and surveyors were Ian Critchley of 16 Mayfield Road who drew up the plans for Messrs J & G Douglas. The first retailers from these new shops are recorded in the trade directories dated 1904  as H Moore dressmaker, T W Little grocer and W Guthrie confectioner. All three businesses are registered as trading from 147 Salters Road.

Plans for 2 lock up shops at 147 & 149 Salters Road.

Esther Paris Butcher

By 1906 W Smith butcher is recorded at 149 Salters Road.

W Smith butchers were followed by E G Finlay butchers in 1910, W Stewart butchers in 1911/12 and by E Paris butchers in 1914. Careful inspection of the name above the shop in our photograph will reveal the name of E Paris Butcher. The 1911 census records Charles Paris as a butcher living with his wife Esther Paris. The couple are 40 and 42 years old respectively at this time, and they are living in Hyde Terrace with their sister in law, Florence who is an assistant schoolmistress. Further research shows that the couple lived into their sixties and spent their later years in Hyde Terrace. There is no mention of the Paris couple at 149 Salters Road after 1916.

1911 census

Russell Draper and General Dealer

The photograph also shows M A Russell Draper and General Dealer next door at 147 Salters Road. The Russells followed J Sitch general dealers into 147 in 1912. They ran their business from these premises for ten years or more departing c1923 -25. General dealers in early 1900s sold a wide variety of goods, as you can see by looking closely at the shop window in the photograph. The window display shows a variety of corsets and other undergarments while advertising Lyons Tea and Fry’s Chocolate! The signage on the bottom bay window of the house and between the first-floor windows is tantalising, as we have not been able to decipher the wording.

M A Russell Draper and General Dealer. E Paris Butcher c1925

Kelly’s Corner

A E Kelly tobacconist followed Esther Paris into 149 Salters Road in 1922.  Later in 1925 when M A Russell moved out of no 147 Kelly’s tobacconist moved in. The 1939 England and Wales Register records A E Kelly living at 145 Salters Road (above the shop). Living with him are his wife Elizabeth Kelly,  carrying out unpaid domestic duties, Isabell Kelly also an unpaid domestic, John Kelly, who is at school, and Mary A Akrill a retired nurse.  The 1950 trade directory, records Albert Edward Kelly Newsagent trading form 147 Salters Road. At some point between 1953 and 1956, Mr Kelly retired, after over 30 years of trading at this address.

1939 England and Wales Register

The local name of Kelly’s corner lived on in the memories of the next generation but was eventually forgotten like the Shoulder of Mutton before it. Today new niche businesses are moving into this little corner of Gosforth, and the area continues to develop, following a tradition of small business trade that began in 1904.

Kelly's Corner today. Salters Road Gosforth July 2019. Showing Discovering Heritage offices, Canny Crafty, Connection Same Day Courier offices and Northumbrian Classic Ca Hire.
Today new niche businesses are moving into this corner of Gosforth

Gosforth readers may remember Thomas Potts Newsagent, who followed Arther Kelly into 145 and 147 Salters Road. Later T Punshon Newsagent, Harrisons Newsagent, Connection Courier and latterly Canny Crafty.

Next door at 149 the succession of butcher shops came to an end when R Hedley hairdresser moved in, during 1934, followed by I E Hanson Boot Repair. Hanson was the first of a succession of similar shops continuing through 1969 with G H Storey Shoe Repair.

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The First Newcastle Hoppings

Post card of the Hoppings at Jesmond Dene

Newcastle Hoppings in Jesmond Dene 1914

Newcastle Temperance Festival

The First Newcastle Hoppings

This week we see ‘The Hoppings’ return to Newcastle’s Town Moor. This annual event began in 1882 as a temperance festival developed by local temperance associations. The temperance movement advocating abstinence from alcohol was popular in working class communities in the 19th century. Local associations were often but not always linked to religious organisations of different denominations. Members of the public were encouraged to take ‘the pledge’ and were issued with often elaborately decorated cards setting out the temperance ideals. These cards were signed by the pledgee to indicate their good intentions. One of the beliefs of the temperance movement was that shows, merry go rounds and similar activities could provide a distraction to the masses therefore keeping them away for the lure of alcohol.

Family Temperance Pledge

Town Moor Hoppings

The Town Moor Hoppings wasn’t the first fair to be held in Newcastle – a regular fair had previously been held at Gallowgate. In 1881 the horse racing that had been a regular feature on the Town Moor since 1721 removed to Gosforth Park. This coincided with the revival of an annual temperance festival in Newcastle. It had originally been mooted to hold festivals in three different parts of the city during Race Week. The date was not coincidental – the Festival was perceived a counter-balance to the often alcohol induced public behaviour associated with horseracing. In March 1882 a letter in a local newspaper put forward the suggestion of holding a single festival on the Town Moor.

The First Hoppings

The first ‘Hoppings’ opened at 2pm on Wednesday 28 June. The opening was preceded by a programme of temperance sermons in places of worship across Newcastle and resulted in large numbers taking the pledge. The first festival took place over two days and comprised amusements and roundabouts, children’s games, a kite flying contest, military shows and displays, sporting activities – cricket and football. On the first day of the Festival a tea was provided for 1000 of the poorest children of the city.

The Best Attended Temperance Festival In England

The event was extremely popular. It was estimated that around 150,000 people attended making it the best attended Temperance festival held in England. The cost of running the Festival was in the region of £500. Such was the success of the Festival that it was decided to make it an annual event. The Hoppings has continued to be held on the Town Moor almost every year since. Between 1914-1918 it was held in Jesmond.

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Ahad Tandoori Archive Gift Author Spotlight Boars Head Carol Bridges of Gosforth Causey End Christmas County Hotel Family Folio Family History Family Story Genealogy Genealogy Help Ghost house Gosforth Gosforth and Jesmond Authors Gosforth High Street Greggs Henry Street House History Ivy Road Jesmond Jesmond Dene John Stokoe Kay's Dairy Little Histories Shop Milk MAN Moods Stationers Murder Newcastle Newcastle Town Moor Newssheet Legacy Omnibus Paper Boy Post Man Remembering delivery men Richard Welford Salters Road Sanderson Hospital Shoulder of Mutton The Corner Shop The Drive The Grove tramway Typhoid

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Richard Welford

Portrait photograph of Richard Welford

This is a photographic portrait of Richard Welford

The first and most comprehensive history of Gosforth was published in 1879, namely “A History of The Parish of Gosforth” by Richard Welford. The author was born in Holloway, London, in 1837. His first employment was as a reporter on a local newspaper, the Bucks Advertiser. In 1854 he moved to the north-east of England to take up a position as a reporter on the Newcastle Chronicle. Richard’s first home was in St. Mary’s Place, Newcastle, then Ellison Terrace, Gateshead.

1st edition of A History of the Parish of Gosforth by Richard Welford.
Original copy. A History of the Parish of Gosforth by Richard Welford published 1879
Insert of A History of the Parish of Gosforth showinf newspaper cutting.
A History of the Parish of Gosforth showing insert of newspaper cutting commenting on the etymology of the place names of Gosforth and Jesmond

The Grove Gosforth

When Richard took up his appointment with the Newcastle Chronicle it was a weekly publication but by 1858 it was published daily and Richard was appointed sub editor at the age of 22. In 1861 Richard gave up regular journalistic work and between 1861-1864 became a literary freelancer working out of an office in Pilgrim Street. In 1861 Richard and his wife Minnie were living in George Street in the Westgate area of Newcastle. In 1871 records show the couple and their family had moved to The Grove, Gosforth, by which time Richard was secretary to a shipping company.

Gosforth High Street

By 1881 the family had moved to Thornfield Villa, a property on  Gosforth High Street that has since been demolished but was adjacent to the property now occupied by the Ahad restaurant. Richard appears to have continued to live in this property until his death on 20 June 1919.

This is the second time we have come across this particular ghost property in our research of Gosforth High Street. Twenty years earlier in 1861 Mark Frater was residing in the same house. Mr Fraters’ story was rather tragic and makes interesting reading. We covered it in our blog post Murder, Mayhem and Gosforth. Richard Welford himself commented as follows in his book A History of the Parish of Gosforth.

” Mr Frater was assassinated on the 1st of October, 1861, and Gosforth lost a promising and enterprising resident.”

Richard Welford Archaeologist, Historian and Biographer

Richard Welford was an archaeologist, historian and biographer. His publications include the following

History of The Parish of Gosforth (1879)

Men of Mark Twixt Tyne and Tweed – three volumes of biographies of eminent men  (1895)

Newcastle and Gateshead In the 14th, 15th &16th centuries (1884)

St Nicholas Church and Its Monuments (1880)

Richard Welford Businessman

Richard was also a businessman rising to the position of Managing Director of The Tyne Steam Shipping Company. He was also a director of the Free Trade Wharf Company and heavily involved in civic affairs in Gosforth. He served as a magistrate and sat on South Gosforth Local Board, later Gosforth Urban District Council, becoming its chairman in 1878.

Text of South Gosforth School Board memebers 1879.
Text of Local Board of Health members 1879

Do you ever wonder about the people who lived in your house? Richard Welford and Mark Frater are an interesting example of the stories we can unearth even when a house has been demolished. If your house has been recently built it may still hold secrets in its foundations! #wholivedinmyhouse

Ahad Tandoori Archive Gift Author Spotlight Boars Head Carol Bridges of Gosforth Causey End Christmas County Hotel Family Folio Family History Family Story Genealogy Genealogy Help Ghost house Gosforth Gosforth and Jesmond Authors Gosforth High Street Greggs Henry Street House History Ivy Road Jesmond Jesmond Dene John Stokoe Kay's Dairy Little Histories Shop Milk MAN Moods Stationers Murder Newcastle Newcastle Town Moor Newssheet Legacy Omnibus Paper Boy Post Man Remembering delivery men Richard Welford Salters Road Sanderson Hospital Shoulder of Mutton The Corner Shop The Drive The Grove tramway Typhoid

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Gosforth Tramway Building

A look Back at Gosforth High Street

Taken outside the Gosforth Tramway building this photograph shows the G Sykes and Cook garage c1930s. The garage was one of a number of businesses that traded from the old tramway stables on Gosforth High Street.

The Tramway Service

The tramway service came after the Gosforth omnibus started by Mark Frater. In this post we look at this building between the years of 1884 to 1973. The tramway stables was one of the longest buildings on Gosforth High Street running from Ivy Road almost to Woodbine Road.

Gosforth Tramways

The Newcastle Upon Tyne Corporation Tramways opened 5th December 1878 at this time the trams were horse drawn. In 1885 the operator name changed to the Newcastle Tramway Company. This was a company formed by Daniel Busby and William Turton to run the tram services. By 1888 the company had changed its name again to become the Newcastle and Gosforth Tramway and Carriage Company, with William Turton listed as the director. (Note the names of Busby & Turton appear on the plans).

Plans for new tramway stables for Gosforth.

Plans were submitted to GUDC by Busby and Turton in 1884 for the building of new tramway stables in Gosforth. They included 3 rows of stalls enough room for 116 horses, between which ran the car shed. There were also two manure stores, a harness room, a sawdust room, a smithy, 2 loose boxes (one of which later became Barclays Bank) and a car pit. The last horse drawn tram service was on 13th April 1901.

Plans for Gosforth tramway stables showing Smithy, loose boxes, and car shed.
Proposed plan for Gosforth tramway stables.

Charles Merz of Gosforth

By 16th December 1901 the first electric tram service was underway, the route was 51.27 miles long. The Tyneside Tramways and Tramroads Company was chaired by John Theodore Merz who was also a director of the Swan Electric Light Company. As a point of further interest Charles Hesterman Merz was the eldest son of John Merz. Charles Merz lived in the house that today stands at no 54 Gosforth High Street and was originally shown on maps as Gosforth Villas. Charles Merz became well known for his involvement in the electrification of the railways in the early 1900s. In 1899 he set up a consultancy firm and from 1902 worked with William McLellan. The company became known as Merz and McLellan. The electric tram service ran for 49 years and closed on 4th March 1950.

Blue Disc commemorating Charles Merz and William McLellan
Commemorative blue plaque outside 54 Gosforth High Street.

Gee Sykes & Cook Ltd of Gosforth

The first reference we have come across to this premises being used as a garage in the trade directories is in 1925 when G Cook Motor Garage is listed as trading on Ivy Road. The fact that this is 25 years before the eventual closure of the Newcastle and Gosforth Tramways Co. suggests that parts of the building may have been rented out while the Gosforth trams were still in use.

Old Gosforth photograph of Gee Sykes & Cook ltd. Trading from the tramway stables building on Gosforth High Street.
Gee Sykes & Cook Ltd Gosforth High Street Photo credit Evelyn Stark

The photograph shows an image of Gee Sykes and Cook garage situated on the corner of Ivy Road and Gosforth High Street. Although the second line is illegible we can make out the wording Gee Sykes & Cook Ltd on the sign at the top of the building, followed by Gosforth then Automobile Engineers & Agents, Coach Painters, Open Always.

We have been able to date this photo to after 1937 by looking through the building plans register. After starting as F Gee, we see later plans presented in 1926, by Gee and Sykes Garage and then in 1937 plans were submitted by F Gee Sykes and Cook for alterations/extension to the office for Brandling Garage, Ivy Road. The table below records various planning alterations applied for between 1911 and 1954.

F GeeCoach Shed13/9/1911
F GeePetrol Station Back High Street8/7/1914
F GeeGarage Alterations7/1/1920
Gee & Sykes GarageUnderground petrol tank28/7/1926
Sykes & Cook2 garages inside old Tramway Shed3/7/1929
F Gee Sykes & CookBrandling Garage Ivy Road offices and ext to office1/9/1937
Gee & CookPetrol pump1953
Gosforth MotorsNew side entrance Ivy Road29/4/1954

The sign on the inside wall of the garage appears to be advertising garage services and is partly legible

Taxis [available}

For Private [Hire]

Repairs Complete[d] …

Agents for [priv]ate [hi]re

& Commercial [Vehicles]

The words Brandling Garage appear above a smaller sign for Tyre Services.

Next door the dark blinds are partially pulled down over the upper bay window and the words Barclays Bank Limited can just be made out on the lower window and outer signage.

Advert for Gee Sykes & Cook Garage taken from a Gosforth and Coxlodge trade directory.
Gee Sykes & Cooke advert in the Gosforth and Coxlodge trade directory

By 1954 the name of Gee Sykes & Cook Ltd disappears from the trade directories and the Gosforth Motor Company takes up residence on Ivy Road. We can follow this company at this address until 1973. A later listing records Gosforth Motor Company as car and caravette hire off Hawthorn Road.

What followed the Gosforth Motor Company? We think we can remember Liptons and Kwiksave. We would love to hear what you remember!

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The words Newcastle -upon -Tyne can be seen around the top arched window.
Changes are underway once more. Junction of Ivy Road and Gosforth High Street May 2019
View of the Tramay building today on Gosforth High street

Thank you for dropping by, we hope you enjoyed your visit! Discovering Heritage are a team of historical researchers with expertise in residential and local history.

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What Is Heritage & Why Is It Important?

Trinity Church Gosforth

What Is Heritage?

Heritage can be anything that a person, family, business or community values enough to protect it for the future.

Why Is Heritage Important?

Heritage is important because it gives us a sense of singular and communal identity.

Attractive Historical Environment

An attractive historical environment can bring together consumers and businesses. Heritage can prove a potent factor in the attraction of new business as well as being a serious factor in maintaining existing businesses.

Our heritage comes not only from the aspect of our buildings but also from the characters and events within the whole community. Recognising our heritage value allows us to develop our community.

Photo Frederick Coney Gosforth Fire Brigade
Superintendent Fire Chief Coney Gosforth resident (clickable photo)
Robert Whitfiled Falconer Gosforth resident
Robert Witfierld Falconer Gosforth resident (clickable photo)

A heritage environment is, therefore, an important element in the generation of new businesses and community development. Heritage value provides added interest for investors as well as an anchor to help maintain existing businesses.

The old Gosforth Assembly Rooms on Gosforth High Street.
Old Gosforth Assembly Rooms (clickable photo)

A Sense Of Continuity

Understanding the early development of villages and towns provides us with a sense of continuity. We live with the past all around us;  the way we interact with our local buildings, parks, and streets, builds a distinct local culture. When we combine this with an understanding of our local heritage, we can recognise a sense of identity.

Reuse Of Old Buildings

Adaptive reuse of buildings for both living and work spaces has a favourable effect, fresh thinking and different ideas help new initiatives. Education, regeneration, housing and economic growth all benefit from heritage association. Therefore recognition of our local heritage is also beneficial for our communities.

West Avenue Gosforth
West Avenue 2019
Old photo of Gosforth
West Avenue

How Do Communities Benefit From Heritage?

Heritage can provide the opportunity for members of the community whatever their age and academic background to learn new transferrable skills

Heritage can bring communities together to celebrate elements of their past.

Heritage projects can embrace cross-generational working providing an opportunity for people with different life experiences to work together.  

This is why we love heritage!

At Discovering Heritage we aim to enhance community heritage by researching the histories of lives, houses and businesses of not only celebrated local buildings and characters but also of lessor known historical aspects in our communities. We believe research of this nature is an important element in bringing together communities. Celebrating local heritage in this way helps to unite local businesses and consumers whilst attracting fresh investment and ideas to local areas. It can help regenerate and re establish our high streets and local amenities. Through research, we can build and identify with a colourful account of our local history.

Discovering heritage through the authentic historical research of people, places and properties.

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Dr Gibb Of Sandyford Park

Dt Gibb Discovering Heritage

Dr. Gibb is immortalised in lines of the famous Geordie song ‘Blaydon Races’:

Some went to the dispensary
And some to Doctor Gibbses
And some to the infirmary
To mend their broken ribses

Dr Charles John Gibb was born in Newcastle in 1824, son of Joseph Gibb, a surgeon, who practised in the Ouseburn area of Newcastle for about forty years. After completing his school education Charles Gibb was apprenticed to Mr. Common, resident surgeon at Gateshead Dispensary. He completed his apprenticeship at Newcastle Infirmary. Dr. Gibb then furthered his studies at medical schools in Edinburgh, London, Vienna and Paris. He then returned to Newcastle to take up the post of house surgeon at Newcastle Infirmary, then at Forth Banks. He then went into private practice as well as lecturing at Newcastle School of Medicine and Surgery, then part of Durham University.

Dr. Gibb lived at 52-54 Westgate Road, Newcastle, from about 1861. The property now known as Gibb Chambers is marked by a black plaque. By 1891 Dr. Gibb and his family had moved to Sandyford Park, Jesmond. The property originally known as Villa Real was designed by architect John Dobson. It was re-named Sandyford Hall, later Park, by Dr. Gibb. The house today forms part of the buildings used by Newcastle School For Girls.

Black Plaque at Gibb Chambers Newcastle

Discovering Heritage mission – to discover, share and re-tell stories that enhance peoples association with their houses and communities through recognition of the history.

We have come across an interesting entry in local records which attends to the moral character of Charles Gibb. On November 16th 1871 the Directors of the North Eastern Railway compensated Dr Gibb 100 guineas. Dr Gibb had sustained an injury in a railway collision at Brockley Whins. Charles Gibb donated the money equally between 10 local institutions including Deaf and Dumb, Industrious Blind, Idiots and Imebeciles and the National Lifeboat Institution.

In our possession we have a number of photographs relating to the Gibb family and Sandyford Park. The first is a photograph of Frances, wife of Dr. Gibb. Charles Gibb married Frances Elizabeth Gilbert Galaher in 1866. The couple went on to have four children. This image thought to have been taken in the 1890s shows Mrs. Gibb in formal dress. Her dress, fan and jewellery all reflect the status of the family.

Dr Gibb of Sandyford Park. Photo of wife Elizabeth - Discovering Heritage
Francis Gibb c1890

The status of the family was also reflected in the size of their household. This photograph, again believed to have been taken in the 1890s, shows the household staff. The 1891 census records a lady’s companion, a nurse, a cook, two housemaids and a page living with the family. Living in adjacent properties were three gardening staff and a coachman.  

Dr Gibb of Sandford House Staff. Discovering Heritage
Dr Gibb’s staff

The third of the photographs is an internal view of the Sandyford Park property. The room is decorated in high Victorian style as befitted a family of means and status.

Dr Gibb of Sandyford Park dining room. Discovering Heritage
Dr Gibb’s House

This is a real treasure of a post. Photographs that have survived from the 1800s are few and far between. The Gibb photographs give us a tantalising glimpse into the life of this well respected and eminent physician.

©Discovering Heritage

We thought it appropriate to end as we began with a reference to the Blaydon Races Geordie anthem. We have chosen this particular video because it commemorates another well respected and much loved Newcastle man, Sir Bobby Robson. This year is the 10th anniversary of Sir Bobby Robson Foundation.

We enjoyed watching this video we hope you do too!

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Christmas Tradition

Christmas Tree with Santas

North Country Garland

We have been looking through the old Monthly Chronicles in search of an article with a festive feel. In the 1888 collection under the heading “The North Country Garland of Song” by John Stokoe, we saw an interesting comment. In this post we share the whole article. The old language and writing style lends itself to the festive season. (It is also relatively easy to read and relatively short compared to other pieces we have researched)!

John Stokoe

The  North Country Garland of Song was written by John Stokoe a local historian of his day. It is a collection of songs presented with the history behind each song and the events that inspired them. The collection was published as a monthly item in the Newcastle Weekly Journal c1890.

Title piece from The Newcastle Monthly Chronicle
Title piece from The Monthly Chronicle

Bah Humbug!!

The celebration of Christmastide by merriment and festivities is more common in the South of England than in the North, which may, perhaps, be accounted for by our proximity to Scotland – neither Christmas Day nor Twelfth Night attracting any attention in that country. For a century after the Reformation, most preserving efforts were made by Presbyterian clergy to extinguish all observance of Christmas. In this, they were largely successful, and thus in some of the Border places there exists only a shadowy idea of Christmastide as a holiday and time of feasting, although we have heard even amongst them the following rhyme repeated by some old people, to whom Christmas itself was only a tradition:-

Yule's come and Yule's gaen, And we hae feasted wael; Sae Jack maun to his flail agyen, And Jenny to her wheel:

Carol Singing

Carol singing has always been a pleasant form of Christmas amusement and has greatly increased in favour of late years, being now adopted in most of the Established and many of the Nonconformist churches. Carols are usually of two sorts: one of a scriptural or serious nature, sung in churches and through the streets, and from house to house, ushering in Christmas morning; the other of a more convivial nature, and adapted to the season of feasting and carousing.

The Jolie Carols

Sheet Music God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen Christmas Carol

Wishing you all a very Merry and Traditional Christmas

We wish you all a very Merry Christmas and hope you enjoy your own Christmas traditions. We leave you this December day with a link to the ancient Boar’s Head Carol. Sung by Steeleye Span and Maddy Prior.

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Graphics design by WM Design and Interpretation E: